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 O seeker of Knowledge

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InläggRubrik: O seeker of Knowledge   O seeker of Knowledge Emptylör nov 29, 2008 3:25 pm

Indeed all praise is for Allaah, We praise Him, seek His aid and seek His forgiveness. We seek refuge in from the evils of our own souls and from our evil actions. He whom Allaah guides, then none can misguide him; and he whom Allaah misguides, then none can guide him. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, having no partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad (sallAllaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) is His servant and Messenger.

“O you who believe! Have taqwaa (fear) of Allaah as you should have of Him and do not die except as Muslims.” [1]

“O mankind! Have (fear) of your Lord, who created you from a single person and from him, He created his wife and from them both He created many men and women; and have taqwaa of Allaah through whom you demand your mutual rights and do not cut relations of the wombs. Indeed, Allaah is ever an All­-Watcher over you.” [2]

“O you who believe! Have taqwaa of Allaah and always speak the truth. He will direct you to do righteous and correct actions and forgive you your sins. Whosoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger has indeed attained a great achievement.” [3]

To proceed:

The taabi’ee, Talq Ibn Habeeb - rahimahullaah – said, “Taqwaa is acting in obedience to Allaah hoping in His mercy, upon a light from Him; and taqwaa is leaving acts of disobedience to Allaah out of fear of Him, upon a light from Him.”


Imaam al­-Aajurree (d.360H) [5] - rahimahullaah – said, “The seeker of knowledge should know that - the Mighty and Majestic - has made the worship of obligatory upon Him; and that this worship is not possible except with knowledge, the seeking has also been made obligatory upon him. He should also realise that ignorance is not befitting for a Believer. He should seek knowledge in order to dispel ignorance from himself, and to worship - the Mighty and Majestic - as Allaah has commanded; not as he desires to worship Him. So the seeker of knowledge should strive hard in this quest, be sincere in this striving and should not become amazed with himself. Rather, he should that this is a favour from Allaah upon him, since it was Allaah who gave him the ability to acquire such knowledge, by which he is able to fulfil his obligations and keep away from that which is forbidden.” [6]


Said al­-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee [7] – rahimahullaah, “I advise you - O seeker of knowledge - to make the intention pure and sincere and strive to make the soul act upon what this knowledge demands. Since knowledge is a tree and actions are its fruits and the one who does not act upon his knowledge is not counted as being a Scholar. It has been said, ‘Knowledge is the father and actions are the offspring.’ Indeed, knowledge comes with actions; and riwaayah (narrating) comes with a diraayah (investigating).

So do not feel satisfied with action as long as you are lacking in knowledge; and do not feel satisfied with knowledge when you falling short in action. Rather, combine them both - even if your share of the two is small. There is nothing worse than a Scholar whose knowledge the people abandon, due to the corruption of his ways, nor an ignorant person whose ignorance the people accept, because they look at his worship. So a little knowledge, along with a little action, will more likely save you in the end - when grants His Mercy bounteously and completely. However, as regards laziness, love of ease and leisure, preferring lowliness and repose, leaning towards relaxation - then the results of these traits are blameworthy and hateful. And knowledge leads to action, just as action leads to being saved. So if the action is lesser than the knowledge, then knowledge is a burden upon the Scholar and we seek Allaah’s protection from knowledge which becomes a burden and produces lowliness, becoming a yoke on the neck of its owner.

Sahl ibn Muzaahim said, “The matter is tighter upon the Scholar than clenching the fist tightly, even though the ignorant one is not excused due to his ignorance. However, the Scholar receives a greater punishment if he abandons what he knows and does not act upon it.”

So did the Salaf (the Pious Predecessors) of the past reach the high levels which they reached, except through sincerity of ’aqeedah (beliefs), righteous and correct actions and over­powering zuhd (abstinence) in all the attracting things of this world. And did the wise ones reach the great satisfaction, except by avoiding hastening to worldly things and being pleased with what was easy, and giving what was surplus from their needs to the poor and those who asked.

Is not the one who gathers books of knowledge just like the one who gathers gold and silver? Is not the one who has an insatiable greed for them just like the one who is greedy about gold and silver? Is not the one who is a prisoner of the love of the former like the one who hoards the latter? So just as wealth does not benefit except by spending it, then likewise, knowledge does not benefit except by acting upon it and carrying out its obligations. So let a person examine himself and take advantage of his time, because the stopping is little, the riding beast near, the road is fearful; and going astray upon it is what is usual, the danger is great, the one who discerns has insight, - the Most High - is watching over and to Him is the return.

“And whoever does an atoms weight of good shall see it, and whoever does an atoms weight of evil shall see it.” [8].” [9]


Ibn Mas’ood - radiyallaahu ’anhu – said,“Learn, learn! So when you learn, then act.” [10]

Said az-­Zuhree (d.124H) – rahimahullaah, “The people will not trust the actions of a person who acts without knowledge. And they will not be pleased with the saying of a Scholar who does not.” [11]

Sahl Ibn ’Abdullaah (d.283) - rahimahullaah – said, “All of mankind are drunk, except the Scholars. And all the Scholars are confused, except whoever acts according to his knowledge.” [12]

He - rahimahullaah - also said, “Knowledge is one of the delights and pleasures of the world. So when it is acted upon, it becomes for the Hereafter.” [13]

Aboo ’Abdullaah ar­Roodhabaaree said, “Knowledge rests upon actions and actions rest upon sincerity, and sincerity for Allaah inherits understanding about Allaah - the Mighty and Majestic.” [14]

Habeeb Ibn ’Ubayd - rahimahullaah – said, “Learn knowledge and understand and be benefited by it. Do not learn it for beautifying yourselves by it. Then it may happen - if you live long - that a person beautifies himself with knowledge, just as a man beautifies himself with clothes.”[15]

Said al-­Hasan al-­Basree (d.110H) – rahimahullaah, “The concern of the Scholar is tending to the flock, whilst the concern of the foolish one is just to narrate.” [16]

Fudayl Ibn ’Iyyaad (d.187H) - rahimahullaah – said, “The Scholar continues to be ignorant of what he has learnt, until he acts upon it. So when he acts upon it, he becomes knowledgeable.” [17]

Said al-­Hasan al-­Basree - rahimahullaah – said, “Eemaan (faith) is not outer decoration, nor mere hope. Rather it is what settles in the heart and what is affirmed by actions. Whoever spoke good, but did not act righteously, then Allaah throws it back upon his saying. Whoever spoke good and acted righteously, Allaah raises up the actions. This is because Allaah - the Most High – says,

“To Him ascend all goodly words, and righteous actions raise it.” ”[18]


[1] Soorah Aali-’Imraan [3:102]

[2] Sooratun-­Nisaa‘ [4:1]

[3] Sooratul-­Ahzaab [33:70-71]

[4] Related by Ibn Abee Shaybah in Kitaabul­Eemaan (no. 99) and it was declared Saheeh by Shaykh al-­Albaanee.

[5] He is the Scholar, the Imaam, the muhaddith, Muhammad Ibn Husayn al-Aajurree. Imaam adh­Dhahabee said, “He was one Scholars who firmly followed the Sunnah.’’ He died in the year 360H. For his biography refer to Taareekh Baghdaad (2/243) of al-Khateeb, Tadhkiratul-Huffaadh (3/936) of adh-Dhahabee and Tabaqaatush-Shaafi’iyyah (3/149) of as­-Subkee.

[6] Akhlaaqul-’Ulamaa‘ (p. 43) of Imaam al-Aajurree

[7] He is the Imaam, the Haafidh, the Scholar of hadeeth, fiqh and history, Aboo Bakr Ibn ’Alee Ibn Thaabit better known as al-­Khateeb al-Baghdaadee. Ibn Maakawlaa said about him, “After ad-­Daaraqutnee, no one entered Baghdaad the like of him.’’ For his biography refer to: Siyar A’laamun-Nubalaa‘ (18/270) of adh-Dhahabee and al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (12/101-103) of Ibn Katheer. He died in the year 463H may Allaah have mercy upon him.

[8] Sooratuz­-Zalzalah [99:7-8]

[9] Iqtidaa‘ul­’Ilmil-­’Aml (p. 13-­16) of al-­Khateeb al-­Baghdaadee.

[10] Iqtidaa‘ul-­’Ilmil-­’Aml (no.10)

[11] Iqtidaa‘ul­-’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.13)

[12] Iqtidaa‘ul-­’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.21)

[13] Iqtidaa‘ul-­’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.23)

[14] Iqtidaa‘ul­-’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.30)

[15] Iqtidaa‘ul­-’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.35)

[16] Iqtidaa‘ul­-’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.39)

[17] Iqtidaa‘ul­-’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.43)

[18] Iqtidaa‘ul­-’Ilmil­-’Aml (no.56)
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