Från: Umm-aichaah (Ursprungligt meddelande) Skickat: 2007-04-05 14:49
“Shaikh Muqbil on who is the most knowledgeable”<o:p></o:p>
Source: Ijaabatus-Saa'il 'an Ahammil-Masaa'il, pp. 559-560.<o:p></o:p>
Translated by Aqeel Walker
Ash-Shaikh Muqbil bin Haadee Al-Waadi'ee was asked about who is the
most knowledgeable person in these times
Question: Who is the most knowledgeable of the people in these times
in the Sciences of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence), Hadeeth, and Usool
(Usool ul-Fiqh, the Science of that deals with how rulings in Fiqh
are derived from evidences and fundamental principles)?
Answer: This requires closely following the situations of the people
and knowing their conditions, and since I have lived (i.e. returned)
in Yemen I have not mixed with many of the people of knowledge.
However, from that which I hear from the legal verdicts (Fataawaa),
what appears obvious to me is that the most knowledgeable of the
people in these times in Fiqh is Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz, may Allaah
preserve him. Indeed, Ash-Shanqeetee was the most knowledgeable
person I knew, however Ash-Shanqeetee, meaning Muhammad Al-Ameen, may
Allaah have mercy upon him, died while still having a bit of rigid
adherence to some of the Math-habs.
So in the matter of the obligation of removing the Ihraam (for Hajj)
for the person who does not bring the sacrificial animal with him
(from the Meeqaat into Makkah), in the Tafseer (explanation) of Surah
Al-Hajj, he rigidly defends the Math-habs even though the hadeeth is
clear. It mentions that the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam)
said, "Whoever did not bring a sacrificial anmial with him, then he
must remove his Ihraam and make it (i.e. change his intentions to)
an 'Umrah." [In other words he must make his intention upon arrival
to Makkah from the Meeqaat for 'Umrah. Then on the 8th of Thul-Hijjah
he assumes Ihraam again from Makkah with the intentions of Hajj.
Thus, making his Hajj, Hajj ut-Tamattu'. Translator's Note.]
Likewise, in Surah Al-Baqarah (i.e. Ash-Shanqeetee's Tafseer),
regarding the situation if a man says to his wife, "You are
divorced," three times (all at once), is it considered one divorce or
three pronouncements? He (Ash-Shanqeetee) was rigid in an extreme
sense in this matter. Yet the hadeeth of Ibn 'Abbaas in Saheeh Muslim
states that whoever says to his wife, "You are divorced," three times
in one pronouncement and in one sitting, then it is considered one.
Ash-Shawkaanee has a discussion concerning this, and he says: "If you
all leave off acting according to the hadeeths for the sake of
(following) Math-habs, then they (the Math-habs) are too despicable
than to be placed as opposition to the Sunnah of the Messenger of
Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam). And if you all leave off
acting according to the hadeeths for the sake of (following) 'Umar,
then he is considered poor in comparison to the Messenger of Allaah
(sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam)." He (Ash-Shawkaanee) mentioned this
in Nayl ul-Awtaar. However, Ash-Shanqeetee, Muhammad Al-Ameen, may
Allaah have mercy upon him - indeed I attended some of his
gatherings, and he was the most knowledgeable of the people in his
time in the Science of Tafseer and in Fiqh. May Allaah the Most High
have mercy upon him.
Verily, we hear the legal verdicts (Fataawaa) of Ash-Shaikh Ibn Baaz
and we see them supported with evidence from the Book (the Qur'aan)
and the Sunnah. And all praise is due to Allaah. For indeed the
consideration in Fiqh is not to memorize Al-Hawaashee and Al-
Hawaamish and the different statements (of the Fiqh scholars).
Rather, the consideration is in memorizing the issue with its
evidence. The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, "For
whomever Allaah wants goodness, He gives him the understanding (Fiqh)
of the religion."
Likewise, also in the science of Hadeeth, the most knowledgeable
person who exists in these times is Ash-Shaikh Naasirud-Deen Al-
Albaanee, may Allaah preserve him. For verily we advise all of the
students of knowledge to get his books and to benefit from his books.
And any library that does not contain the books of Ash-Shaikh
Naasirud-Deen Al-Albaanee, then it is considered poor. So may Allaah
reward him on behalf of Islaam and the Muslims a good reward.
In reference to the Science of Usool ul-Fiqh, then the matter
concerning it is easy. Why is this? Because, even though some people
say that everything else evolves around it (due to it's importance),
we do not want to enter into it logic and philosophy. Rather, we want
an 'Asl (fundamental principle) that has after it (i.e. as its
support) a Qur'aanic verse or a Prophetic hadeeth. This is what we
However, in reference to Al-Hawaashee and Al-Hawaamish, and other
than that, and these piled up books concerning Usool ul-Fiqh (i.e.
this is not what's important). So what is correct is that we advise
the students of knowledge that they read about the science of
hadeeth, and that they read Ihkaam ul-Ahkaam regarding the
fundamentals of the Ahkaam (laws), by Abu Muhammad Ibn Hazm, and Ar-
Risaalah by Al-Imaam Ash-Shaafi'ee. Then, they should read a lot of
the works of Ash-Shawkaanee, may Allaah, the Most High, have mercy
upon him. For verily these books will help you to understand Usool ul-
Fiqh, even though often times Ash-Shawkaanee says in his books that
if a statement and an action of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa
sallam) contradict each other, then the action is specifically for
the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam). And the
matter is not as Ash-Shawkaanee says. Rather, it could be that his
action is showing that the deed (that he made a statement of
prohibition concerning) is not forbidden (Haraam), but rather it is
disliked (Makrooh). Or it could show that the deed (that he
commanded) is not obligatory (Waajib), but rather it is recommended
(Mandoob or Mustahabb), and other things as well from these matters
that would change the ruling. And Allaah is the One Who is called
upon for help.
Ash-Shaikh Muqbil bin Haadi Al-Waadi'ee
Source: Ijaabatus-Saa'il 'an Ahammil-Masaa'il, pp. 559-560.
Translated by Abu Sumayyah Aqeel Walker<o:p></o:p>
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