Från: Umm_Amatillaah (Ursprungligt meddelande) Skickat: 2006-12-29 10:29
Topic: The Speech of the People of Knowledge Concerning Fasting the Day of 'Arafah if it Coincides with the Day of Jumu'ah
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Abu Hatim Muneeb Abdullah ibn Iqbal (Bombay, India)
Joined: Dec 2006
ÈÓã Çááå æ ÇáÍãÏ ááå
æ ÇáÕáÇÉ æ ÇáÓáÇã Úáì ÑÓæá Çááå æ ÈÚÏ
Written by: Noorayn Bumadyah
The Speech of the People of Knowledge Concerning Fasting the Day of 'Arafah if it Coincides with the Day of Jumu'ah
As-salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh
Because it occurs that the day of 'Arafah of this year falls upon the day of Jumu'a, I would like to present to my brothers 'The Speech of the People of Knowledge Concerning Fasting the Day of 'Arafah Coinciding with the Day of Jumu'ah'
1-The Verdict of the Permanent Committee for Academic Research and Rulings
Verdict #6655 from the Permanent Committee
Q: The debate has flared up between the students, let alone the common folk, concerning fasting the day of Jumu'ah if it coincides with the day of 'Arafah. Is it permitted to fast it alone (meaning Jumu'ah) if it comes, or is it incumbent to fast (joining it with) the day before it, or the day after. This, along with knowing that that if it (the day of 'Arafah) comes on Jumu'ah that fasting (Jumu'ah alone) contradicts the narrations prohibiting fasting the day of Jumu'ah (by itself)? Thus we hope from your excellencies' the removal of the confusion (in this issue), and the clarification of the correct legal ruling, and for you from Allaah is the reward.
A: Fasting the day of 'Arafah is legislated if it falls upon a day of Jumu'ah, even if the day before or the day after is not fasted; as per what has been confirmed upon the Prophet Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã , of his encouragement to fast during it('Arafah), his clarification of its virtue, and greatness of its reward. Allaah's Messenger
Çááå Úáíå æÓáã Õáì , said:
"(Fasting) the day of 'Arafah expiates (the lesser sins committed) during two years: the previous year and the following year; And fasting the day of 'Aashooraa expiates the year before it." Related by Ahmad, Muslim, and Aboo Daawood.
This hadeeth specifies the generality of the narration,
"Let not any of you fast the day of Jumu'ah except that he fasts the day before it or after it." Related by al- Bukhaaree and Muslim.
Therefore, the generality of the prohibition is dependant upon whether the muslim singles out the day for fasting because it is Jumu'ah, or whether his fasting is for another reason that the legislation encourages and enjoins: in that (the second) case, it is not prohibited. Rather, it is legislated even if he fasts it (Jumu'ah) alone. However, if he fasts a day before it, that is better by being on the safe side of acting upon both narrations, and (attaining) the extra reward.
And with Allaah is all success.
Allaah praise and keep safe our prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.
The permanent committee for academic research and rulings:
President- 'Abdul-'Azeez bin 'Abdillaah bin Baaz
Vice president- 'Abdur-Razzaaq 'Afeefee
Member- 'Abdullaah bin Ghudayaan
Member- 'Abdullaah bin Qu'ood
2- Verdicts of Shaykh bin 'Uthaymeen, Allaah have mercy upon him.
Firstly: The Shaykh was asked-Allaah have mercy upon him- what is the ruling regarding fasting the day of Jumu'ah?
His Excellency then responded by stating: "Fasting the day of Jumu'ah is makrooh (discouraged), though not absolutely; thus the fasting of the day of Jumu'ah is discouraged for one who intends to single it out for fasting. This is per the saying of the Prophet Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã:
"Do not specify the day of Jumu'ah for fasting, and do not specify its night for standing in prayer."
Rather, if a person fasts the day of Jumu'ah because it coincides with a fast that he has made a habit of, and then there is no harm upon him in that. Likewise, if he fasts a day before it or after it, then there is no harm in that and no aversion.
First example: if it was the person's habit to fast every other day, and his fasting day happened upon a Jumu'ah, no problem. Likewise, if his habit was to fast the day of 'Arafah, and 'Arafah happens on a jumu'ah, then there is no problem with him fasting on Jumu'ah, and not joining another day with it. Because he only singled out this day not on account of it being the day of Jumu'ah, but because it is the day of 'Arafah. Likewise, if this day (Jumu'ah) coincides with the day of 'Aashooraa, and he fasts it alone, there is no harm in that; Even though it is preferable to fast a day before 'Aashooraa and the day after.
Second example: that he fasts the day of Jumu'ah along with the day of Khamees (i.e. Thursday), or he joins the day of Sabt ( i.e. Saturday) with jumu'ah. As for he who fasts Jumu'ah, not for a reason other than it being Jumu'ah, then we say to him: "If you wish to fast Saturday, then continue your fast. If you do not wish to fast Saturday, and not on Thursday, then discontinue fasting as the Prophet Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã, commanded that, and Allaah grants success."
Secondly: The question: Allaah bless you. Is fasting the day of Jumu'ah by itself allowed for the reason of making up a missed fast?
The response: Fasting the day of Jumu'ah by itself was prohibited by the Prophet Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã,and one of his wives entered upon him, or he entered upon her, and he found that she was fasting; then he said to her, "did you fast yesterday?" She said, "No." He said, "Will you fast tomorrow?" she said "No." He said, "So discontinue your fast." Although, if the day of Jumu'ah coincides with the day of Aarafah, for example, and he fasts it alone, then no problem; because this man fasted it (Jumu'ah) because it was the day of 'Arafah, not because it was the day of Jumu'ah.
Likewise, if there was upon him the making up a fast of Ramadhaan, and if there was not left for him a day off from work for making up that day except the day of Jumu'ah, than there is no harm upon him that he singles out that day, because he did not single it out on account of it being the day of Jumu'ah, but he did so because that was his day off. Likewise, if the day of Jumu'ah coincides with the day of 'Aashooraa, and he fasts it alone, then certainly there is no harm upon him to single out that day, because he fasted (Jumu'ah) on account of it being 'Aashooraa, not because it was the day of Jumu'ah. For that reason, the Prophet Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã, said, "Do not specify the day of Jumu'ah for fasting, and nor its night for prayer." Therefore, the specificity was stipulated (making the intention for fasting and praying only for the reason that it was jumu'ah), i.e., it was stipulated that the person act upon this because of the specifying of the day and night of Jumu'ah. http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/noor/article_2524.shtm"l" http://sahab.net/forums/showthread.php?t=342326
Ibraaheem al-Harbee said, ‘I heard Ahmad (Ahmad Ibn Hanbal) say, ‘If you love that Allaah should keep you upon that which you love, then remain upon that which He loves, and the good is in the one who sees no good in himself.”