From: MSN NicknameUmm-Firdaus91 (Original Message) Sent: 3/24/2008 9:26 PM
Depend Upon Allah, If You Are Indeed Believers
Sharh of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahaab (Rahimullah) Kitaabul-Tawheed
By Shaykh Abdur-Rahman Al-Sa'dee (Rahimullah)
Chapter 33 Pgs. 173-175
Allah's saying; "Depend upon Allah, if you are indeed believers." (Surah Al-Maidah 5:23) & ; "The believers are only those who when Allah is mentioned, their hearts shudder w/fear." (Surah Al-Anfal ) 8:2) & "O Prophet! Sufficient for you is Allah and [for] those who follow you among the believers." (Surah Al-Anfal 8:64) &; "And whosoever depends upon Allah, then He is sufficient for him." (Surah Al-Talaq 65:3)
Ibn Abbas (radiallahu anhu) said, 'Sufficient unto us is Allah and He is the best to depend upon.' This was said by Ibraheem (alayhee salaam) when he faced the fire, and Muhammad (alayhee salatul wasalaam) said it when they said to him; "The people have gathered against you, so fear them." Their faith only increased and they said, "Allah is sufficient for us and the best to depend upon."
***Recorded by Al-Bukharee and Al-Nasa'ee.***
***Recorded by Al-Bukharee in the Book of Tafsir in his Sahih***
Important Points (Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahaab)
• That tawakkul is among the obligations.
• That it is among the conditions of faith
• The sharh of the ayah of Surah. Al-Anfal.
• The sharh of the ayah that comes later after it.
• The sharh of the ayah of Surah Al-Talaq.
• The great importance of this saying, that it was said by Ibraheem (alayhee salaam) and Muhammad (alayhee salatul wasalaam) during their hardest times.
Commentary by Shaykh Al-Sa'dee
Allah's saying; "Depend upon Allah, if you are indeed believers." (Surah Al-Ma'idah 5:23)
Tawakkul upon Allah is one of the most important obligations of tawheed and faith. The worshipper's faith strengthens and his tawheed is completed, according to the degree of the strength of his dependence of Allah. The worshipper is compelled to depend upon Allah and seek His aid in all that he intends to do or avoid doing in his wordly or religious affairs.
The reality of tawakkul upon Allah is that the worshipper knows every matter if from Allah. And that whatever Allah wills will certainly be, and what He does not will cannot be. And that He is the benefactor, the malefactor, the giver, the withholder, and that there is no power nor might but by Allah. So after having this knowledge, his heart depends upon his Lord to bring him the benefit in his religious and worldly affairs, and to protect him from harm. Then he has the utmost trust in his Lord to bring about what he seeks. By this he has made every possible effort for the those means that bring benefit.
So when the worshipper maintains this knowledge, this reliance, and trust, then he is depending upon Allah in reality, and for him is good news and the promises of Allah for the people of tawakkul. And when he depends in this way on other than Allah, then is a mushrik , and whoever depends or relies upon other than Allah, then he is entrusted to that, and he has lost his way.www.calgaryislam.com