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'Aaishah

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InläggRubrik: Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat   Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat Emptyons nov 26, 2008 8:42 am

From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah (Original Message) Sent: 6/22/2006 11:12 AM
Topic: Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat -- page: 1 2 3 4

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Nasser.Alvi
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Abu Abdir Rahmaan Nasser ibn Najam (Birmingham, UK)
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assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullaah

We will inshaa Allaah be beginning a new series of questions and answers on the book Kashf ush Shubuhaat, by the Shaykh ul Islaam Muhammad ibn Abdil Wahhaab.

This will be done using the explanations of Sh Al Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) and Sh Al Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah).

For those who wish to refer to the Arabic originals, the source of the question is indicated by (U) at the end of the question for Sh Al Uthaymeen and (F) for Sh Al Fawzaan.

Inshaa Allaah this series will also be useful for those who wish to study this text but do not have access to the Arabic original.

The translation of the original text is at the top of each page in the attachment with the numbered questions underneath.

We will be going slowly through the book with regular postings containing the questions, followed by the answers being posted a few days later inshaa Allaah ta'aala.

My thanks to Aboo Talhah Dawud Burbank for his help in preparing this series - may Allaah the Exalted reward him.

Wasalaamu alaikum

Abu Abdir Rahmaan ibn Najam

Jag kommer att klistra in svaren endast inshaa Allaah.
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InläggRubrik: Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat   Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat Emptyons nov 26, 2008 8:46 am

From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/22/2006 12:06 PM

He said: In the Name of Allaah, Ar Rahmaan, Ar Raheem





1) 1) Where is the first place that the basmalah(saying bismillaah ir Rahmaan ir Raheem) occurs in the Quraan? (F)

It occurs at the beginning of the mushaf – ie at the beginning of soorah al Faatihah (the first soorah).





2) 2) What is the wisdom behind starting with the basmalah – shaykh al Fawzaan mentions two reasons? (F)

The two reasons that the shaykh mentions are:

a) as a means of seeking blessing from Allaah for that which is being begun

b) as a request for aid and assistance from Allaah.



3) Whose example is the imaam following by beginning with the basmalah? (U)

He is following the example of the Book of Allaah – which begins with the basamalah - and also the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam), who used to begin his letters with it.





4) 4) Is Ar Rahmaan a Name which can be applied to Allaah alone? (U)

Yes, it is not permissible to call anyone or anything other than Allaah with this Name.





5) What does Ar Rahmaan mean? (U)

The One who has the Attribute of very great and extensive Mercy.





6) Is Ar Raheem a Name which can be applied to Allaah alone? (U)

No, Ar Raheem can be applied to other than Allaah as well as to Allaah.





7) What does Ar Raheem mean? (U)

The One who bestows Mercy upon others.





8) What does Ar Raheem mean when it is used together with Ar Rahmaan? (U)

Ar Raheem, when used in this way, means the One who bestows His Mercy upon whomsoever He wishes from His Servants.



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/22/2006 12:06 PM

Know - may Allaah have mercy upon you -







1) ) Why does the shaykh say ‘know’? (F)

In order to draw attention to the important matters which are coming– it means ‘learn what is about to be discussed and pay attention to it’.







2) What does al ‘ilm (knowledge) mean? (U)

Knowledge is to comprehend a thing as it really is with a certain and firm comprehension.







3) What are the types of knowledge? (U)

Knowledge can be divided into two types:

a) Durooree – that which is known by necessity – such as the knowledge that Fire is hot. This is known without any need for investigation or seeking evidence.

b) Nadharee – that which is known as a result of investigation and which needs proof – such as the knowledge that it is obligatory to have the intention when performing wudhoo (ablution).









4) For what reason does the imaam ibn Abdil Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) make duaa for the reader by saying ‘may Allaah have mercy upon you’? (F) and (U)

The imaam makes this supplication for the one who is about to read the treatise by way of courtesy and friendliness to the student of knowledge , and by way of beautifying the speech to the student – so that the student may devote himself to the seeking of knowledge. (F)



These words show the care and concern which the imaam has for the reader. (U)



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/22/2006 12:07 PM

that At Tawheed is to single out Allaah –free is He from all imperfections – with (all matters of worship)





13) What does at Tawheed mean in the language (linguistic) sense? (U)

It means to make something one.



14) Does the person who actualises tawheed need to both affirm and deny, or is just one of these sufficient? (U)

It is obligatory to affirm and deny when singling something out.

To give an example:

To single out Allaah in terms of worship means to affirm that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped as well as to deny that right for anyone or anything other than Allaah



15) What does tawheed mean in the technical sense? (U)

As the imaam mentions, it is to single Allaah out in matters of worship.



16)What is a more general definition of tawheed than the one which the Imaam gives here? (U)

It is to single Allaah out in those matters which are specific to Him.



17) What are the three types of Tawheed? (U)

a) Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah (Tawheed of Lordship)

b) Tawheed ul Uloohiyah (Tawheed of Worship)



c) Tawheed ul Asmaa wa Sifaat (Tawheed of Allaah’s Names and Attributes)



18) What is Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah? (U)

To single Allaah out in the aspects of Creation, Sovereignty and Controlling the affairs of the Universe.



19) What are some of the evidences for Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah?(U)



Allaah is the Creator of all things.

Soorah Az Zumar (39) aayah 62



Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the Dominion, and He is able to do al things.

Soorah Al Mulk (67) aayah



See also soorah al Faatir (35) aayah 3

And also soorah Al A’raaf (7) aayah 54



20) What is Tawheed ul Uloohiyah?(U)

To single Allaah out with worship –that a person does not take along with Allaah anyone or anything such that he worships it as he would worship Allaah or that he seeks to draw close to it as he would draw close to Allaah, the Exalted.



21) What is Tawheed ul Asmaa wa Sifaat? (U)

It is:

To single Allaah out in His Names and His Attributes which occur in His Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam)

- and that is with affirming what He has affirmed

- and negating what He has negated

without falling into any of the following:

tahreef (distortion)

ta’teel (negation)

takyeef (asking how)

tamtheel (making resemblance between Allaah and His Creation)



22) Which kind of tawheed did the mushrikoon (polytheists) affirm? (F)

They would affirm tawheed ur ruboobeyah.



23) Which kind of tawheed is the one that Allaah seeks of us? (F)

It is tawheed ul uloohiyah.



24) What is the relationship between tawheed ur ruboobeyah and tawheed ul uloohiyah? (F)

Tawheed ur ruboobeyah is a proof for tawheed ul uloohiyah.

How can a person worship other than Allaah when he affirms that Allaah is the Sole Creator and Organiser of the Universe?



See soorah Al Baqarah (2) aayah 21 to 22



25) How does Allaah establish the proof upon the people who refuse to affirm tawheed ul uloohiyah? (F)

By using that which they do affirm – ie by tawheed ur ruboobeyah.

They acknowledge that Allaah is the only Rabb – so therefore it is obligatory on them to affirm its logical consequence, that only Allaah deserves to be worshipped.



26) Are there people who say that the type of tawheed which Allaah seeks from us is tawheed ur ruboobeyah? (F)

There are indeed such people who make this grave error.

These people say that tawheed is to single Allaah out in terms of Him being the Creator, the Provided of Sustenance, the Giver of Life to the Dead, etc.

Therefore anyone who affirms this – even if he worships other than Allaah – is a person of tawheed in their opinion!

The words of the Imaam (rahimahullaah) are a refutation of this false idea.

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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/22/2006 12:08 PM

And this is the religion of the Messengers sent by Allaah to His Servants

27) What is intended by the Imaam by this statement? (U)

The imaam – rahimahullaah – means that the religion of the Messengers is Tawheed ul Uloohiyah.



28) In what aspect were the Mushriks of Makkah astray with regards to this religion of the Messengers (U)?

The mushriks affirmed tawheed ur ruboobeyah – that Allaah was the Creator, the Provider of Sustenance, the Giver of life to the dead – but despite this affirmation, they did not become Muslims through this. For this reason, the Prophet (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) fought against them.

A person must affirm tawheed ul uloohiyah in order to enter Islaam.



29) In the aayah in soorah an Nahl -

And indeed We have sent among every Ummah a Messenger proclaiming: ‘Worship Allaah and stay away from the Taaghoot (false objects of worship)!’

Soorah an Nahl (16) aayah 36

- what is the meaning of the statement ‘worship Allaah and avoid the taaghoot’? (F)

This means – ‘leave off the shirk with Allaah in terms of Uloohiyah (His Right to be worshipped alone!’



30) Which of the Messengers called to Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah alone? (F)

None of them – because this belief was already present among the nations, but as mentioned above, having this belief was not sufficient.

Rather Allaah demands of us that we affirm tawheed ul uloohiyah as well.



31) Which peoples were the following Prophets sent to: Nuh, Hud, Saalih, Shuayb (alaiyhiusalaam)? (U)

Nuh – sent to ‘his people’ (see 11:25)

Hud – sent to the people of Aad (see 11:50)

Saalih - sent to the people Thamud (see 11:61)

Shuayb – sent to the people of Madyan (see 11: 84)



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/22/2006 12:10 PM

The first of them (ie the Messengers) was Nuh

32) Some historians disagree with the imaam on this point. What do they incorrectly say? (U)

These people incorrectly say that the Prophet Idrees (alaiyhisalaam) came before Nuh.



33) What is the proof that the first Messenger was Nuh?(U)

Among the proofs is the statement of Allaah, the Exalted:



Indeed We have sent Revelation to you just as We sent revelation to Nuh and the Prophets after him.

Soorah an Nisaa (4) aayah163



And the hadeeth of the Intercession when the people will go to Nuh (alaiyhisalaam) and they will say to him:

You are the first Messenger whom Allaah sent to the people of the Earth.

(Hadeeth reported by Bukhaari and Muslim)



34) Nuh was one of the Prophets who are known as the “ulul a’zm’ – the possessors of strong will. How many others also have this title and who are they?(U)

There are five Prophets with this title and they are:

Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam), Ibraaheem, Moosaa, Nuh and Eesaa – (alaiyhim ussalaam).



See Soorah al Ahzaab (33) aayah 7

And Soorah Ash Shura (42) aayah 13



35) What is the proof that Muhammad (sal Allahu alaiyhi wa sallam) was the last Messenger?(F)

Among the proofs is the statement of Allaah, the Exalted:



Muhammad is not the father of any of your men but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last of the Prophets.

Soorah al Ahzaab (33) aayah 40



And the statement of the Messenger (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallaam) himself:



I am the last of the Prophets and there is no Prophet after me.

(Hadeeth reported by Tirmidhee and others)



And every Messenger is a Prophet – so the final Prophet is by definition the final Messenger as well.



36) What is the ruling upon the person who holds as his belief that there is a prophet or messenger who comes after Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam)? (F)

This person is a kaafir (disbeliever), a person who has accused Allaah and His Messenger (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) of lying.

And indeed the consensus of the Muslims is upon the fact that Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) was the final Prophet.



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:16 AM

Wadd and Suwaa’ and Yaghooth and Ya’ooq and Nasr, and the last of the Messengers was Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam)





43) Where in the Quraan is the mention of the righteous people who were taken as objects of worship? (U)

These names are mentioned in soorah Nuh (71) aayah 23



44) When did these righteous people live according to shaykh al Uthaymeen and upon what basis does he say this? (U)

And Nuh said: My Lord! They have disobeyed me, and followed one whose wealth and children give him no increase but loss.

And they have plotted a mighty plot.

And they have said: You shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave wadd nor suwaa’ nor yaghooth nor ya’ooq nor nasr.

Soorah Nuh (71) aayaat 21 to 23



That which is apparent from these aayaat is that these 5 righteous people had lived before Nuh, and that the people were worshipping them at the time when Nuh was sent to them.

It should be noted that the narration from the Companion, ibn ‘Abbaas about these five righteous people states that they were from the people of Nuh.

Shaykh al Uthaymeen is of the opinion however that the Quraanic aayaat mentioned above show that the 5 righteous people came before Nuh.

And Allaah knows best.



45) Who first called the people of the Arabian peninsula to shirk after the time of Nuh? (F)

It was a man called ‘Amr ibn Luhayy al Khuzaa’ee, who was one of the rulers of Hijaaz (the western aspect of Arabia). He was initially a righteous man upon the religion of his people.



46) Where did this person learn about shirk and who helped him to find the idols from Nuh’s time? (F)

He learned about shirk during a trip to Shaam (the area around Palestine, Syria and Jordan). There, he found people worshipping idols, and this idea captured his imagination. So when he returned to the Hijaaz and Jazeerah, he called the people to shirk.

Shaytaan guided him to the locations of the idols which had been worshipped in the time of Nuh, but which had been covered by the wind in sand following the Great Flood. After these idols had been excavated, they were distributed among the tribes of the Arabs, and thus shirk began to spread from that time.



47) Approximately how many idols were there around the ka’bah before the Prophet (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) destroyed them? (F)

There were approximately 360 idols.



48) What is the proof that Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) was the final Messenger? (U)

Muhammad is not the father of any of your men but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last of the Prophets.

Soorah al Ahzaab (33) aayah 40



And all of the Messengers were Prophets, so by definition the last Prophet will be the last Messenger.



49) How do we respond to those who say that Eesaa ibn Maryam (Jesus) is the last Messenger, since he will return before the end of time - ie after the time of Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallaam)? (U)

Eesaa (alaiyhissalaam) will come down to earth to be a ruler, ruling according to the sharee’ah of Muhammad (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam).

He will not descend as a ‘new’ Prophet or Messenger with a new shareeah – rather he will be returning and in doing so, ruling according to the sharee’ah of the final Prophet sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam.



50) What is the Quraanic proof that Allaah has made it obligatory for all the Prophets to believe in, follow and help the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam? (U)

Allaah the Most High states:



And remember when Allaah took the Covenant of the Prophets, saying:

Take whatever I gave you from the Book and Hikmah, and afterwards there will come to you a Messenger confirming what is with you; you must then believe in him and help him.

Allaah said: Do you agree and will you take up My Covenant?

They said: We agree.

He said: Then bear witness and I am with you among the witnesses.

Soorah aale ‘Imraan (3) aayah 81



51) Whose tafseer was it that this aayah referred to the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam? (U)

It was the tafseer of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas radi Allaahu anhu and other than him.



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:17 AM

And he smashed the statues of these righteous people.





52) When did the Messenger sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam smash the statues? (U)

On the day of the Conquest (yawm ul fath) when he sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam entered the ka’bah and found 360 idols there. So he attacked them, piercing them with his spear.



53) What aayah of the Quraan did he sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam recite whilst destroying the statues? (U)

Truth has come and falsehood has vanished. Indeed falsehood is ever bound to vanish.

Soorah al Israa (17) aayah 81



54) After how many years of the Prophethood did Allaah allow His Messenger sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam to migrate to Medina? (F)

After 13 years of the Prophethood.



55) When did the Prophet sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam reenter Makka victorious (yawm ul fath – the Day of the Conquest)? (F)

8 years after the migration to Medina, 21 years into the Prophethood.



56) Which generations of Muslims remained free of shirk after the time of the Messenger sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam? (F)

The first three generations – al quroon ul mufaddalah.



57) Which two deviations does shaykh al Fawzaan mention appeared after this time? (F)

The deviations of the soofees and the shee’ah.



58) What advice related to this topic does shaykh al Fawzaan give to the students of knowledge and the callers to Islaam? (F)

That they place at the forefront of their da’wah:

a) the call to tawheed

b) rebuking and refuting shirk

c) refuting the doubts

d) not to be neglectful of these matters and give priority to other matters of the religion at the expense of tawheed

for this was the call of the Messengers alaiyhimussalaam.

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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:18 AM

Allaah sent him to a people who were given to devotion and worship, who would make the pilgrimage and give charity and who would remember Allaah often.

However they made some creatures from the Creation into intermediaries between themselves and Allaah.

And they (these people) would say:

“We seek nearness (taqarrub) to Allaah through them” and “We seek their intercession (shafaa’ah) with Allaah”.

(This included) the Angels, and ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam and people other than them from the righteous people (saaliheen).





59) Why does the Imaam ibn Abdil Wahhaab rahimahullaah make this point about the acts of worship which the mushriks did? (U)

He makes this point to show that despite all these acts of good, their worship was null and void and did not benefit them because they were disbelievers.

So one of the preconditions that a person must fulfill if he wishes to draw close to Allaah is that the person be a Muslim – and these people were mushriks and not Muslims.



60) Did these mushriks consider the Angels, and ‘Eesaa and other righteous people to actually be Allaah? (U)

No, they affirmed that these beings were distinct and separate from Allaah.



61) Was the attempt to seek shafaa’ah and taqarrub through these Created Beings successful? (U)

No, rather it was a futile attempt and only increased in going further away from Allaah.

Seeking intercession through these righteous beings was and is worship of them. These mushriks, as mentioned in the previous answer, affirmed that the righteous beings were separate from Allaah, and that they could not bring benefit nor harm.

But they continued to worship them with the claim that the righteous beings were their ‘intercessors’ with Allaah.

So Allaah would not allow this false and futile ‘intercession’ or ‘seeking nearness’ for them.



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:18 AM

So Allaah sent Muhammad sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam to revive for them the religion of their father Ibraaheem alaiyhissalaam and to inform them that this taqarrub and i’tiqaad (belief that they held) is the sole right of Allaah, the Most High.

It does not befit anyone other than Allaah, no angel brought near nor any prophet sent – let alone anything other than these two…





62) Shaykh al Uthaymeen rahimahullaah mentions several tasks which Allaah sent the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam to perform. What are these? (U)

a) to call the people to the worship of Allaah alone

b) to warn them from shirk

c) to explain to them that worship is the right of Allaah alone

d) to tell them that it is not permissible to direct any aspect of worship to other than Allaah



63) What proof does Shaykh al Uthaymeen quote to show that Allaah has forbidden Paradise for the one who commits shirk? (U)

Indeed whoever makes shirk with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden Paradise to him and the Fire will be his abode.

Soorah al Maaidah (5) aayah 72



64) What aayah of the Quraan does Shaykh al Uthaymeen mention in the context of the statement ‘to revive for them the religion of their father Ibraaheem’? (U)

Then We inspired you: “Follow the religion of Ibraaheem Haneef and he was not from the Mushrikeen”

Soorah an Nahl (16) aayah 123



The Haneef is the one who accepts Allaah with his heart, his actions and his intentions, making all of that for Allaah and he rejects everything beside Him.


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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:19 AM

otherwise these mushrikoon would bear witness that Allaah alone is the Creator, having no partner in this and that none provides rizq (sustenance) except Him, and that none gives life except Him, and that none causes death except Him, and that none controls the affair except Him, and that all the heavens and everything within them, and the seven Earths and everything within them – all of them are subservient to Him and under His Tasarruf (ability to dispose of them as He wills) and His Qahr (His command over the Creation from which none can escape)





65) Which type of tawheed is the imaam discussing here? (U)

These are aspects of Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah.



66) Why did the mushriks’ affirming this type of tawheed not benefit them? (U)

Because affirming tawheed ur ruboobeyah does not benefit a person unless he affirms tawheed ul uloohiyyah as well – that all the worship is for Allaah alone. (U)



67) What are the two points relating to tawheed and shirk that Shaykh al Fawzaan takes from this section of kashf ush shubuhaat? (F)

a) Affirming tawheed ur ruboobeyah alone is not sufficient to enter a person into Islaam nor does it safeguard his blood and wealth, nor does it save the person from the punishment of Allaah

b) If any shirk enters into the worship of Allaah, it corrupts the worship – so worship is not correct unless it is done with ikhlaas (sincerity) to Allaah.



68) How does affirming Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah necessitate affirming Tawheed ul Uloohiyyah? (U)

If Allaah alone is the Creator, and the Controller of the affairs, and the One in whose Hand is the Sovereignty of all things, then it is obligatory that all the worship be for Him alone and not for other than Him.



69) How does affirming Tawheed ul Uloohiyyah contain an affirmation of Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah? (U)

The former contains the latter because none can be deemed a true object of worship (and therefore possess uloohiyyah) except the Rabb, the One who alone is held to be the Creator, and the Organiser of all the affairs (ie the One who alone possesses Ruboobeyyah


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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:19 AM

So if you seek the evidence that those against whom the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) fought bore witness to this then read His Statement, the Most High:



Say (O Muhammad): Who provides sustenance from the sky and from the earth for you? Or who owns the hearing and the sight? And who bring the living from the dead and who brings the dead from the living? And who controls the affairs?

They will say: Allaah!

So say: Will you not then have taqwaa?

(Soorah Yunus (10) aayah 31





70) Which of the mushrikoon rejected tawheed ur ruboobeyyah? (F)

None of them.



71) How does Shaykh al Fawzaan explain the part of the aayah:

“And who brings the living from the dead”?(F)

· He brings the seed from the kernel.

· He brings the believer forth from his being a disbeliever.



72) How does Shaykh al Fawzaan explain the part of the aayah:

“and who brings the dead from the living?”(F)

· He brings the disbeliever forth from his being a believer.

· He brings the egg from the bird.

The One who does all of this is Allaah alone.



73) How does Shaykh al Fawzaan explain the part of the aayah:

So say: Will you not then have taqwaa?(F)

· Since you acknowledge that all of these affairs are in the Hand of Allaah, and that your idols cannot do a single one of them, will you not then fear Allaah?

· Will you not make the tawheed of Him and single Him out in worship?

· For if you do not fear Allaah in this way, He will punish you.

This is because He has established the hujjah (proof) against you, and has cut off the excuse.

So nothing remains except punishment, since you know the Truth yet you do not act upon it!

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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:20 AM

And His Saying:



Say: Whose is the Earth and whosoever is therein – if you know?

They will say: It is Allaah’s!

Say: Will you not then remember?

Say: Who is the Lord of the Seven Heavens and the Lord of the Tremendous Throne?

They will say: Allaah!

Say: Will you not then have taqwaa?

Say: In Whose Hand is the Sovereignty of everything? And He protects (everything) yet there is against Him no protector – if you know?

They will say: Allaah!

Say: How then are you deceived and turn away (from the Truth)?

Soorah Al Mu’minoon (23) aayaat 84 to 89



And other such aayaat.





74) In this aayah what is the meaning of “Will you not then remember”? (F)

It means:

Will you not then remember that the One who possesses the Earth and whatsoever is in it, is the One who deserving of all worship – and not the idols whom you worship?





75) Why does this aayah use the form of a question being asked followed by a reprimand (e.g. will you not then have taqwaa?) (U)

This repeated rebuking of the mushriks is to emphasise the point that it is binding upon those who affirm these aspects of ruboobeyah that they then single Allaah out in their worship as well.
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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:56 AM

When you have established that they used to affirm this and (yet) it did not enter them into the Tawheed which the Messenger of Allaah (sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam) called them to – and you have come to know that the Tawheed which they rejected was the Tawheed of ‘Ibaadah (worship) which the Mushriks of our time have called al i’tiqaad





76) Who is the Imaam ibn ‘Abdil Wahhaab rahimahullaah referring to in this quote when he says ‘they’? (U)

He is referring to the mushriks to whom the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam was sent.



77) ‘When you have established that they used to affirm this..’ – what does the word ‘this’ refer to? (U)

It refers to tawheed ur ruboobeyah- the belief which these mushriks affirmed that Allaah alone was the Creator, the King, and the Controller of all the affairs.



78) What was the response of the Mushriks mentioned at the beginning of soorah Saad (38) when they were called to tawheed ul uloohiyah? (F)

Has he made the aalihah (objects of worship) into one ilaah (object of worship)?? Indeed, this is a strange thing!

Soorah Saad (38) aayah 5



79) What did Abu Taalib say on his deathbed when the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam called him to affirm tawheed ul uloohiyah? (F)

He refused to say laa ilaaha ill Allaah and instead said about himself:

‘He is upon the religion of ‘Abdul Muttalib.’ And the religion of ‘Abdul Muttalib was the worship of idols.



80) What was the main point of disagreement between the Prophets and their nations? And what was the main point of agreement between the Prophets and their nations? (F)

The Messengers called their people to worship Allaah alone and not to associate anything as partner with Him in this. And the mushrikoon refused to do this. So the point of disagreement was Tawheed ul Uloohiyyah.

As for the point of agreement, then it was the issue of Tawheed ur Ruboobeyah.



81) For what reason is jihad in the path of Allaah legislated? And what is the proof for this? (F)

It was for the establishment of tawheed ul uloohiyah that jihaad was legislated.

The proof for this is the hadeeth of the Prophet sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam:



I was commanded to fight the people until they say:

Laa ilaaha ill Allaah.



And in another narration:



…until they bear witness that laa ilaaha ill Allaah.

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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 10:59 AM

Just as they used to call upon Allaah – free and far removed from imperfections is He – night and day. Then from them was one who would call upon the angels on account of their righteousness and nearness to Allaah so that they (the angels) should intercede on his behalf.

Or one who would call upon a righteous man such as al Laat; or a Prophet, such as ‘Eesaa





82) Why does the imaam ibn Abdil Wahhaab rahimahullaah mention in this point that the mushriks used to call upon Allaah day and night? (F)

These mushriks, as well as affirming tawheed ur ruboobeyah, also used to perform acts of worship, such as making duaa, performing the pilgrimage and giving in charity, worshipping Allaah with various types of worship.

However this was mixed in with shirk in that they would worship Allaah as well as worshipping other than Him.

So all of this was of no benefit to these mushriks since shirk nullified their worship, and worship will not benefit unless it is done with sincerity of worship to Allaah alone.

See soorah an Nisaa (4) aayah 36 for proof of this.



83) At the end of soorah al Kahf (the 18th soorah), Allaah tells us that the person who hopes to meet his Lord should do good deeds – but what other important condition is mentioned along with this?

So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord then let him work righteous actions and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.

Soorah al Kahf (18) aayah 110

So Allaah, the Exalted, did not restrict His statement to just performing righteous actions – rather it is obligatory to stay away from associating any partners with Allaah in worship.



84) What is the origin of the name of the idol ‘al Laat’ according to shaykh al Uthaymeen? (U)

The shaykh rahimahullaah mentions that the origin of this name was a righteous man who used to grind the saweeq (mixture of wheat and barley) for the people performing hajj, mix some clarified butter into it and then feed them with this. When he died, the people devoted themselves to his grave, and then took him as an object of worship.



85) What justification did those people who worshipped ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam (Jesus) give to justify their worship of him? (U)

They attempt to justify this by saying that ‘Eesaa alaiyhissalaam was an aayah (sign) from the signs of Allaah.



86) What justification did the worshippers of the awliyaa give for worshipping them? (U)

They say that they worship the awliyaa because of the awliyaa’s closeness to Allaah.



87) The acts of worship which the mushriks used to perform (such as duaa) were the remnants of what? (F)

These acts of worship were the remnants of the religion of the Prophet Ibraaheem alaiyhissalaam, the khaleel of Allaah. So these people were originally upon the religion of Ibraaheem but their religion was altered by ‘Amr ibn Luhayy al Khuzaa’ee who introduced shirk into it. However some remnants of the religion of Ibraaheem remained.



88) Under what circumstances did the mushriks supplicate to Allaah alone, and leave off worshipping the idols? What is the proof for this? (F)

In times of distress and misfortune.

And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides Him vanish from you – except Him (Allaah alone). But when He brings you safely to land, you turn away (from Him). And man is ever ungrateful.

Soorah al Israa (17) aayah 67

And also soorah Luqmaan (31) aayah 32



89) To whom does shaykh al Fawzaan compare these mushriks of the earlier times? Why does he make this comparison(F)

He compares them to those of our modern times who claim Islaam for themselves whilst calling, performing prayers and pilgrimage but who also call upon Hussain, or Badawi or ‘Abdul Qaadir aj Jeelaanee.

For these modern day people do not claim that their false objects of worship are arbaab (those possessing ruboobeyah) – but rather that “these objects of worship will bring us closer to Allaah – and that they are intermediaries and intercessors between us and Allaah!”



90) What type of education is the one that will benefit a person? (F)

That which involves knowledge of the correct tawheed and knowledge of that which opposes this from the affairs of shirk – and that which renders if deficient from the affairs of innovations and newly invented matters.

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InläggRubrik: Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat   Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat Emptyons nov 26, 2008 8:56 am

From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 11:01 AM

and you have to come to know that the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam fought them on account of this shirk, and he called them to the ikhlaas (purification) of worship for Allaah alone, just as He, the Most High, stated:



And that the mosques are for Allaah so do not call upon anyone along with Allaah.

Soorah al Jinn (72) aayah 18



And just as He, the Most High, stated:



For Him (alone) is the da’wat ul haqq (Word of Truth) and those whom they call upon other than Him do not answer them with a single thing...

Soorah ar Ra’d (13) aayah 14





91) What shirk is being referred to here when the Imaam says ‘fought them on account of this shirk’? (U)

This refers to their shirk in worship, in that they would worship Allaah and also worship other than Allaah along with Him.

It does not refer to committing shirk in Allaah’s ruboobeyah – since the mushrikoon amongst whom the Prophet sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam was sent used to affirm tawheed ur ruboobeyah.



92) What does shaykh al Fawzaan say that this aayah from soorah al Jinn shows? (F)

This aayah forbids the worship of angels, messengers, and the righteous people – because the aayah contains a nullification of worship other than Allaah, regardless of whomever or whatever besides Allaah is worshipped.

This worship of others besides Allaah is null and void even if the people who do the worship do not actually believe that their objects of worship have the ability to create or provide sustenance.



93) What excuse does shaykh al Fawzaan mention that the mushrikoon used to justify their shirk and what is the Quraanic proof for this? (F)

The mushrikoon say about their false objects of worship that they are righteous beings, and that they take the righteous beings only as intermediaries between them and Allaah.

The extremely important Quraanic proof is the statement of Allaah:

And they worship besides Allaah that which will neither hurt them nor benefit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allaah!

Soorah Yunus (10) aayah 18

It is important to understand and memorise this aayah.



94) What does shaykh al Fawzaan say about those who use this excuse of theirs in our times? (F)

He says that this excuse of intermediaries is the religion of jaahiliyyah and is null and void, because it is in fact worship of other than Allaah.



95) What is the definition of ikhlaas? (U)

Ikhlaas (sincerity) is: 'that the person intends by his worship to draw closer to Allaah-the Perfect and Most High-and attainment of the Abode where He bestows honour.’'



96) What other aayah does shaykh Uthaymeen quote with regard to the quoted aayah from soorah ar Ra’d? (U)

And who is more astray than the one who calls upon other than Allaah, such as will not answer him until the Day of Judgement, and who are unaware of their calls upon them.

And when mankind are gathered (on the Day of Resurrection), they (the false objects of worship) will become enemies for them and will deny their worshipping.

Soorah al Ahqaaf (46) aayah 5-6



97) What explanation does shaykh al Fawzaan give for the phrase da’wat ul haq? (F)

It means: correct worship, and the religion which is purely for Allaah alone. So as for the person who worships Allaah and worships other than Him, then this is the da’wat us shirk which Allaah will not accept.



98) In the aayah from soorah ar Ra’d, to whom does the phrase ‘and those whom they call upon other than Him’? (F)

This is general to everything which is called upon other than Allaah, whether it be the angels or the messengers or the righteous ones or the idols, or anything else.



99) In the aayah from soorah ar Ra’d, why can they not answer the mushrikoon with a single thing? (F)

This is because these false objects of worship are incapable of doing anything.



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/27/2006 11:03 AM

And you have established that the Messenger of Allaah fought them so that all the du’aa (supplication) be for Allaah



100) Ad-du’aa (supplication) can be divided into two types. What is the first type? (U)?



The first type is: The du’aa which is an act of worship, whereby a person intends to worship the One he is calling upon, seeking reward from the One he is calling upon and fearing His Punishment.

This type of du’aa is to be directed to Allaah alone – and directing it to other than Him is shirk akbar, which removes a person from the Religion.



101) What is the second type of du’aa? (U)

It is the du’aa of request i.e. requesting that a need be answered.



102) What are the subdivisions of this second type of du’aa? (U)

a) Calling upon Allaah for that which only He is able to do.

b) Calling upon a living person for that which that person is able to do e.g. asking someone ‘Give me something to drink!’

c) Calling upon a dead person or someone who is not present for a matter like the one mentioned above.



103) What is the ruling upon the person who makes each of these kinds of du’aa? (U)

a) The first of these three types constitutes worship of Allaah. Therefore the one who calls upon other than Allaah, for a matter which none has the ability to do other than Allaah is a disbeliever, a mushrik, regardless of whether the one being called upon is dead or alive.

b) As for the second type, then there is no problem with this.

c) As for the third type, then this is an act of shirk because it is impossible for such a person to grant this request, so calling upon him for this matter shows that the caller believes the dead person or the absent person to have Tasarruf in the Creation (the ability to act and dispose of matters in any way he wills). In this way, the caller becomes a mushrik.


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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/28/2006 1:29 PM

And all of adh dhabh (sacrifice) be for Allaah





104) What is the definition of adh dhabh (sacrifice)? (U)



The taking of an animal’s soul by shedding its blood done in a specified manner.



105) What is the first type of sacrifice which Shaykh al Uthaymeen rahimahullaah mentions? (U)



It is that the person performing the sacrifice intends by it to glorify the one for whom he sacrifices, and humble himself before them and to seek nearness to them. So this constitutes worship, and therefore can only be done for Allaah, the Exalted, alone - in a manner legislated by Allaah alone.

Directing this type of sacrifice to other than Allaah counts as shirk akbar.



Say: Indeed my prayer and my sacrifice and my living and my dying are for Allaah the Lord of all the Creation (alone), He has no partner.

Soorah Al An’aam (6) aayah 162



106) What is the second type of sacrifice which the shaykh mentions?(U)



It is that the person performing the sacrifice intends by it fine treatment of the guest, or does it for the waleemah or for a wedding, or the like of these examples. So this may be something obligatory or recommended, in accordance with the statement of the Prophet sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam:



Whoever has eemaan in the Allaah and the Last Day, then let him treat his guest well.



And also his statement to Abdur Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf when he got married:



Give the waleemah, even if it be with a single sheep.

Both of these ahaadeeth are reported by al Bukhaari and Muslim.



107) What is the third type of sacrifice which the shaykh mentions? (U)



It is that the person performing the sacrifice intends to enjoy the eating of the animal or does it for business purposes (i.e. to sell the meat). This can be something desirable, or something forbidden - depending on the manner in which it is performed.



Do they not see that We have created for them of what Our Hands have created, the cattle, so that they are their owners? And We have subjugated them to them so that some of them they have for riding and some they eat.

Soorah YaaSeen (36) aayaat 71 to 72

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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/28/2006 1:30 PM

And all of an nadhr (making oaths) be for Allaah, and all of al istighaathah be for Allaah…..







108) An nadhr is of two types. What are they? (U)



When used in a general sense, an nadhr is a term which refers to ‘the obligatory acts of worship’.



In a specific sense, an nadhr refers to a person committing himself to carry out a particular matter for the sake of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.





109) Which of these two types is the Imaam ibn Abdil Wahhaab rahimahullaah referring to here? (U)?



The meaning implied in the statement of the imaam is the first type – referring to the obligatory acts of worship in Islaam. So all of the acts of worship are for Allaah alone.





110) What is the meaning of al istighaathah? (U)



It means: seeking al ghawth (aid) and deliverance from affliction and destruction.





111) What is the first type of al istighaathah? (U)



It is to seek deliverance from Allaah, and this is from the most virtuous and perfect of actions.



This type of istighaathah was the practice of the Messengers, and those who followed them.



(Remember) when you made istighaathah of your Lord, and He answered you (saying): I will help you with a thousand from the angels, each following the other in succession.

Soorah al Anfaal (8) aayah 9





112) What is the second type of al istighaathah? (U)



It is to seek deliverance from the dead people or from those who are not present and (therefore) unable to give aid.



This constitutes shirk, because no person will fall into this except for one who truly believes that the object of worship has some hidden Tasarruf ((the ability to act and dispose of matters in any way he wills), thereby giving that object of worship a portion of ruboobeyyah (Lordship).





113) What is the third type of al istighaathah? (U)



It is to seek deliverance from the living ones from the Creation who have the ability to give aid.



This type of istighaathah is permissible, as shown by the statement of Allaah the Most High in the story of Moosaa alaiyhissalaam:



So the man from his (Moosaa’s) party made istighaathah of him (i.e. of Moosaa) against his enemy, so Moosaa struck him and killed him.

Soorah al Qasas (28) aayah 15





114) What is the fourth type of al istighaathah? (U)



It is to seek deliverance from a living person who is unable (to help you), without believing that he has some hidden power.



An example of this would be to ask a paralysed person to defend you against an enemy who is attacking.



So this is merely foolishness and mockery of the person whose aid is being sought, and is forbidden.



And another danger of this foolish behaviour is that it may deceive someone else into thinking that this person whose help you are seeking does in fact have some hidden power by which he can save you from a calamity – and that it is for this reason that you are seeking the help of someone who would otherwise seem to be incapable of helping you.



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From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/28/2006 1:31 PM

And all of the various forms of worship be for Allaah alone.



And when you have come to know that their affirming Tawheed ur Ruboobeyyah did not enter them into Islaam…



and that their calling upon the Angels, Prophets and Awliyaa, seeking their intercession and seeking nearness to Allaah in this way – this was what made their blood and their wealth lawful…



- then you will have come to know the Tawheed to which the Messengers called and which the Mushrikoon refused to affirm.







115) What type of tawheed is the distinction between the Muslim and the kaafir? (F)



Tawheed ul Uloohiyyah is the distinction.

As for Tawheed ur Ruboobeyyah, then both the Muslim and the kaafir affirm it and affirming only this type of tawheed will not benefit a person.



116) What aayah shows that the Mushriks worshipped other than Allaah and claimed that these false objects of worship would bring them closer to Allaah? (U)



And those who take awliyaa besides Him (with the claim that): ‘We worship them only so that they may bring us close to Allaah!’

Soorah az Zumar (39) aayah 3



It is important to understand and memorise this aayah.





117) What aayah shows that the Mushriks worshipped other than Allaah and claimed that these false objects of worship would intercede with them in front of Allaah? (F)



And they worship besides Allaah that which will neither hurt them nor benefit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allaah!

Soorah Yunus (10) aayah 18





118) What was the twisted logic by which these Mushriks thought that they were in fact glorifying Allaah by seeking the intercession of the righteous people? (F)



Their false argument was: Allaah is ‘Adheem (Mighty), so it is not possible for us to reach Him with our supplications; however we will take those beings who can make our supplications reach Him – (those beings) from the righteous servants, and from the angels, and the Messengers.



119) What false analogy have these Mushriks made when they make these kind of statements? (F)

They have made an analogy between Allaah and the kings of this world. For the kings of this world are not approached directly by people who have a need or request to make from them – instead these people go via intermediaries, via people who are close to the kings.



120) What is the reply of the Mushriks in our time who sacrifice for or swear by the dead people in the graves when you ask them why they do this? (F)



They will say: By Allaah, we do not truly believe that they (the inhabitants of the graves or any of the other false objects of worship) have the ability to Create, or give Sustenance, of that they possess a single thing in the heavens and the earth.

We believe that they are only intermediaries - because they are righteous and they can (therefore) make our requests reach Allaah and they convey our requests - this is our intention!



121) What type of tawheed are they affirming when they give this reply?



The characteristics of Creating, Giving Sustenance, and Possessing all that is in the Heavens and the Earth – all of these are from Tawheed ur Ruboobeyyah. So these mushriks are affirming that they do not give any aspect of Ruboobeyyah to their false deities i.e. the mushriks affirm the Tawheed of Ruboobeyyah for Allaah alone.



122) What type of tawheed do these mushriks of our time and of previous times not affirm? (F)



They do not affirm tawheed ul uloohiyyah.



123) So what was the tawheed to which the Messengers called and which the Mushrikoon refused to affirm – as mentioned by the Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil Wahhaab in this section? (F)



This was tawheed ul uloohiyyah – the Right of Allaah to have all worship directed to Him alone.

And it was not tawheed ur ruboobeyyah – so affirming this type of tawheed alone, and not affirming uloohiyyah is not sufficient, and does not enter the one who affirms it (i.e. ruboobeyyah alone) into Islaam.



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Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat Empty
InläggRubrik: Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat   Questions on Kashf ush Shubuhaat Emptyons nov 26, 2008 8:58 am

From: MSN NicknameUmm_Amatillaah Sent: 6/28/2006 1:33 PM

And this (type of) tawheed is the meaning of your statement “laa ilaaha ill Allaah”.

For an ilaah - according to the view of the Mushriks – was one who was called upon for the sake of these matters – regardless of whether he was an angel, or a prophet or a walee or a tree or a grave or a jinn.





124) What is the meaning of the statement ‘laa ilaaha ill Allaah’? (U)



It means there is no true ma’bood (object of worship) except Allaah.



125) And what meaning did the Mushrikoon at the time of the Prophet sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam take from his statement ‘laa ilaaha ill Allaah’? (U)



Indeed they had the correct understanding of the kalimah ‘laa ilaaha ill Allaah’– they knew full well that it meant none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah. And so they refused to affirm it.



126) How does Allaah tell us that the Mushriks responded when the Prophet sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam when he called them to ‘laa ilaaha ill Allaah’? (U)



Has he made the aalihah (objects of worship) into one ilaah (object of worship)?? Indeed this is a strange thing!

Soorah Saad (38) aayah 5



127) What significance is there in the fact that the Prophet sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam called the Mushriks of his time to laa ilaaha ill Allaah? (F)



Obviously he sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam would not call them to affirm something which they had already affirmed. For these people, as has preceded, affirmed that Allaah was the Sole Creator, Sustainer and Giver of Life to the Dead – all attributes of Ruboobeyyah.

So the Prophet sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam calling them to laa ilaaha ill Allaah and fighting them over it shows us that this kalimah is a statement of Uloohiyah, and not Ruboobeyyah – for why would he sall Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam call them to and fight them over something which they already acknowledged and affirmed?



128) What did the Mushriks understand by the word ilaah? (F)



They understood (correctly) that this word meant the One who is called upon to fulfill a need or provide relief from a distress. They also understood that ilaah did not mean One who Creates, provides Sustenance etc.



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