Från: Umm-Aicha (Ursprungligt meddelande) Skickat: 2005-03-09 20:24
Från: <NOBR>K_Nadia</NOBR> (Ursprungligt meddelande) Skickat: 2004-11-07 21:19
The Sunan of 'Eed al-Fitr
Its manners, its innovations, and its transgressions
Written by/Said by Dr. 'Aasim al-Qaryootee (Adapted by tazkiyah.org)
Taken from http://www.sahab.net
Translated by Editorial Staff at tazkiyah.org
Edited by Editorial Staff at tazkiyah.org
All praise is due to Allaah and may the peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah, and his family, and his Companions, and whoever follows them. To proceed:
So on the occasion of the approach of the joyous 'Eed al-Fitr that Allaah has returned to us and to all the Muslims, with happiness, honor, goodness, blessings, and glory, I remind my Muslim brothers, with the collection of manners and Sunan of the slave with warning from some of the innovations and transgressions that have seeped into the `Eed. With the observation of giving out of Zakaat al-Fitr before Salaatul 'Eed (the 'Eed prayer). So I say, and with Allaah is the Success:
The Sunan of 'Eed and its manners
1. Making takbeer on the day of 'Eed, beginning with the entrance of the night of 'Eed and ending with the Salaatul 'Eed. The Most High said:
"And He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allaah [i.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar; Allaah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadaan and Shawwaal] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him." [Al-Baqarah : 185]
And the wording of the established takbeer from the Companions is:
"Allaahu Akbaru, Allaahu Akbaru, Allahu Akbaru kabeeran" and
"Allaahu Akbaru, Allaahu Akbaru.. Laa Ilaaha Illa-Allaah.. Allaahu Akbaru.. Wa Lillaahil Hamd"
And from the numerous wordings of the takbeer and the additions (to it), which you hear in many of the masaajid of the world, then they are not correct.
2. Making ghusl for Salaatul 'Eed and to wear the best of clothes and perfuming oneself.
Ibnul Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said: "He (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) would wear his best clothes when proceeding to the two 'Eeds and the day of jumu'ah." (1)
3. Eating before leaving the house, from dates or other than them, before departing to Salaatul 'Eed.
Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) never proceeded (for the prayer) on the day of 'Eed al-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) used to eat odd number of dates. (2)
4. Enunciation of the takbeer on the way to Salaatul 'Eed.
5. Going to the musallah from one way (path, road) and returning from another way.
Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullaah: On the Day of 'Eed the Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) used to return (after offering the 'Eed prayer) through a way different from that by which he went. (3)
6. Praying Salaatul 'Eed at a musallah (on an open field) since it is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) and praying in the masjid for one reason or another is permissible.
7. The attendance of the women, children and young boys without exception, even the menstruating women, the virgin mature girls, and women who veil as it is related in Saheeh Muslim.
Narrated Umm Atiya: We used to be ordered to come out on the day of 'Eed and even bring out the virgin girls from their houses and menstruating women so that they might stand behind the men and say takbeer along with them and invoke Allaah along with them and hope for the blessings of that day and for purification from sins. (4)
8. Performance of Salaatul 'Eed.
9. Listening to the khutbah that is after Salaatul 'Eed.
Narrated Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri: The Prophet (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) used to proceed to the musallah on the days of 'Eed al-Fitr and 'Eed al-Adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer and after that he would stand in front of the people and the people would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them, advise them and give them orders, (i.e. khutba). (5)
10. The felicitation of 'Eed as related by Jubair ibn Nufayr who said: "When the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah (Sallallahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam) would meet on the day of 'Eed, they would say to one another - Taqabbal Minna Wa Minka (May Allaah accept from me and you)."
Al-Haafidh ibn Hajar al-'Asqalaanee (Rahimahullaah) said: "It's isnaad is Hasan."
From the innovations of 'Eed
1. The addition (of phrases) to the takbeer from the wordings mentioned from the Companions, as before.
2. The takbeer for 'Eed in the masjid or the musallah, with the enunciation done collectively in the form of two groups; The first group will make takbeer and the other group will respond. And this way is newly invented. And what is required is for each one to make takbeer individually and if it (the takbeer of many people) happens to coincide, then there is no harm. And as for the way that you have heard about, one makes takbeer and the other one listens until their turn comes, then this is an innovation.
3. Visiting the graves on the day of 'Eed and placing sweets, flowers, wreaths, and things like this upon the graves. All of this is from the innovations. And as for visiting the graves then it is commissioned without the designation of a fixed date.
4. The exchange of named greeting cards (for celebrations) or congratulation cards (for 'Eed). And this is from the blind following of the Christians and their practices. And I have heard our Shaykh, al-Allaamah, al-Albaanee, may Allaah cover him with Mercy, warn about this.
From the transgressions of 'Eed
1. Some of the men beautify themselves by shaving their beards and the waajib is to leave it (shaving the beard) off at all times.
2. The shaking of hands between strange men and women (who are not mahram to each other) and this is from the impermissible and major sins.
3. And from the forbidden extravagance is the spending of large sums of money for explosives and fireworks, without a practical use. And it is more worthy that they spend these sums on the poor, and the destitute, and the needy from what increases them and from what they want.
4. The spreading of the phenomenon of gambling games and gambling in some of the countries on the day of 'Eed. And especially amongst the young people. And this is from the greatest of major sins. And it is upon the fathers to watch their sons and warn them against this.
May Allaah accept from us and from you all.
1 Zaadul Ma'aad, 1/441. (go back)
2 Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, #906. (go back)
3 Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, #935. (go back)
4 Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, #921. (go back)
4 Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, #909. (go back)