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 Umm Salamaah Asma bint Yaazid Bin Sakan Al-Ansareeyah

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Umm Salamaah Asma bint Yaazid Bin Sakan Al-Ansareeyah Empty
InläggRubrik: Umm Salamaah Asma bint Yaazid Bin Sakan Al-Ansareeyah   Umm Salamaah Asma bint Yaazid Bin Sakan Al-Ansareeyah Emptytis dec 02, 2008 5:58 am

Seeker-of-Knowledge (Ursprungligt meddelande) Skickat: 2006-01-18 20:48
Umm Salamaah Asma bint Yaazid Bin Sakan Al-Ansareeyah

The Prophet said:

“Who participated in the Pledge of Ridhwaan will never go to Hell”<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Asam bint Yaazid radiallaahu ‘anhaa got the honour of participating in the Pledge of Ridhwaan<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Patient, with complete in Allaah, pious, wise and God fearing- these were some of the qualities of Umm Salamah Asma bint Yaazid Ansareeyah radiallaahu ‘anhaa. But above all, it was her courage that inspires a reader of the biographies of these women Companions. Daring in the extreme, she was so brave that with the pole of her tent she killed nine Roman soldiers in the battle of Yarmook. Her statements were well considered, therefore she was always eloquent and convincing. It was almost as if she was casting a spell when she spoke. Her phrases were in beautiful like a string of pearls, and her tone was well modulated and sweet sounding. On one occasion, she appeared before the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasalaam as a representative, rather as an attorney to plead for the cause of women. She addressed him very respectfully and said:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

“ Today I have come into your presence to plead the case for women. Allaah subhanna wa ta3alaa sent you as His Prophet salAllaahu 3alayhi wasalaam for all of mankind- men and women. We women also have had the privilege and honour of swearing allegiance to Allaah subhanna wa ta3alaa and you. We also follow your teachings and your Sunnaah (ways). We women live within our houses nad fulfill our duties. We are absorbed in looking after our husbands and fulfilling their needs. We see to the upbringing of our children and to the daily function of the household. Men, however have more opportunities for earning rewards from Allaah subhanna wa ta’alaa because they can do things which we, as women cannot do. Men attend the congregational prayers in the masajid and special Friday prayers. They participate in the special prayers for the dead; they also have the privilege of taking part in jihad. When they go for jihad we are left at home to protect their property and look after the family. Are we not also equally deserving of reward from Allaah?”<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

The Prophet <v:shape id=_x0000_i1027 style="WIDTH: 18.75pt; HEIGHT: 18pt" type="#_x0000_t75"><v:imagedata o:title="" src="file:///C:\DOCUME~1\hofa0812\LOKALA~1\Temp\msohtml1\01\clip_image002.gif"></v:imagedata></v:shape> was very moved and impressed by her eloquently presented and rational plea. He turned around to his Companions and asked them if they had ever heard anyone else express a better question regarding religion.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Simultaneously, they all answered that she was truly excellent. The Prophet <v:shape id=_x0000_i1028 style="WIDTH: 18.75pt; HEIGHT: 18pt" type="#_x0000_t75"><v:imagedata o:title="" src="file:///C:\DOCUME~1\hofa0812\LOKALA~1\Temp\msohtml1\01\clip_image002.gif"></v:imagedata></v:shape> then turned around to the lady and answered her.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

“ Please go and tell the ladies whom you represent that by doing your duty by your husbands in a pleasant manner, keeping in mind what will make them happy and following them faithfully, you will please greatly Allaah subhanna wa ta’alaa and He will give you the same rewards as we have promised to me”<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

She was so happy on hearing this good news that she rose from the meeting, reciting the words- La ilaaha illAllaah, Allaahu Akbaar. She rushed to give her friends the good news she had received from Allaah’s Messenger salAllaahu 3alayhi wasalaam.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

She narrated that once she was sitting with her friends when the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam passed by. When he saw them he addressed them saying:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

They should not be ungrateful to their benefactors. Since she was bolder than the rest of her friends she asked him to be more specific and clarify what he meant by his statement. He said:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

“ A woman lives with her parents, then she gets married and Allaah subhanna wa ta’alaa blesses her with children. At times when she gets annoyed with her husband she says that she never got any happiness in his house. This is a display of sheer ingratitude to her husband. Every Muslim woman should try to avoid saying such things”<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Talking about the status and position of a husband he sallahu alayhe wa salaam said:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

“ If I were to order a person to prostrate before another human being, I would ask a wife to prostrate before her husband”<o:p></o:p>

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * <o:p></o:p>

<o:p></o:p>

‘Amr bin Qataadah radiallaahu ‘anhu relates that among the ladies of the Ansaar, the first to pledge allegiance to Allaah subhanna wa ta’alaa and His Messenger sallahu alayhe wa salaam and recite the words of testimony were Umm Sa’ad bin Mu’aath, Kabthaah bint Rafe’ee, Umm Salamaah Asmaa bint Yaazid and her sister Hawaa bint Yaazid al-Ansaareeyah (may Allaah be pleased with them). And they all had the privilege of doing this personally with the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam. This was not a trifling thing. One who gains this opportunity is very fortunate indeed,and he or she should be justifiably proud.<o:p></o:p>

Umm Salamah – may Allaah be pleased with her- narrates that when the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam got married to Aaishaah radiallaahu anhaa, she was the one who helped to get the bride ready. When the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam. When the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam arrived she offered him a glass of milk. He had some of it and then gave the rest to ‘Aaishaah radiallaahu ‘anhaa; she was feeling very shy and didn’t take the glass. So Umm Salamaah told her:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

This was a golden opportunity, which did not come everyday; she should accept it and not feel bashful. Aaishaah- may Allaah be pleased with her- narrated that she was so nervous and shy that her hands were trembling. She took the glass and started drinking the milk.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

The Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam told her to give some to her friends as well as the others ladies who were present. All of them started laughing and said they had no desire to have the milk.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

He joked with them saying that lies and hunger should not be joined together.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p></o:p>

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * <o:p></o:p>
<o:p> </o:p>
Umm Salamaah- may Allaah be pleased with her- says that one day the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam came to their house when it was the time for maghrib prayers. In the courtyard of their house they made a small masjid and prayed there. Then she offered him some bread and some soup she cooked. She said that she swears by Allaah subhanaa wa ta’alaa in whose Hand is her soul, that there were about forty people who sat down for the meal; there was just a little bread and the soup was in a small leather bowl, but everyone had a hearty meal and there was still a lot of food left over. Then the family too ate to their fill. She says that she cleaned the bowl and put it away in a safe place. She says that whenever anyone in the family fell sick, she would give them water from that bowl and he would be cured. Sometimes, for plentitude they would use the bowl to drink water and their needs would be fulfilled.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p></o:p>

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * <o:p></o:p>

During the battle of the Trenche, Umm Salamaah radiallaahu ‘anhaa sent his favourite dish of dates and ghee to the sallahu alayhe wa salaam. At the time he was with the Mother of the believers Umm Salamaah radiallaahu ‘anhaa. She took as much as she wanted and then sent a general invitation to the mujahideen who were taking part in the war to come and partake of it. Everyone had their fill, but there was still the same quantity of food leftover.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Jaabir bin ‘Abdullaah radiallaahu ‘anhu had also given a dinner; there too the same thing happened. Another such incident of plentitude and blessings of Allaah subhanna wa ta’alaa took place when Umm Sulaym radiallaahu ‘anhaa served a meal to the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Umm Salamaah Asmaa bint Yaazid radiallaahu ‘anhaa narrated that in the lifetime of the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam she was divorced. There was no precedent for ‘Iddat of a divorced woman before this. When she got the divorce, the following verse of the Noble Qu’raan was revealed:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

And divorced women shall wait for three menstrual periods [al-Baqaarah, 2:228]<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

In the matter of knowledge and learning Umm Salamaah Asmaa radiallaahu ‘anhaa occupied a very high position. Among the women Companions her position was after that of the Mothers of the believers ‘Aaishaah and Umm Salamaah radiallaahu ‘anhumaa. There were 81 ahadeeth associated with her name. One of the ahadeeth narrated by her says:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

“ The Prophet salAllaahu 3alayhee wa salaam said: Verily Allaah forgives all the sins and it does not bother him<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Umm Salamaah Asmaa bint Yaazid radiallaahu ‘anhaa was a very patient person thankful to her Lord under all circumstances. During the Battle of Uhud her father, Yaazid bin Sakan, her brother ‘Amir bin Yaazid bin Sakan and her uncle Ziyaad bin Sakan radiallaahu ‘anhum were all martyred. When she was told about it, she asked for news about the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam. After she herself saw him arriving, she thanked Allaah subhanna wa ta’alaa and said:<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

“As long as he was alright and well, all other troubles faded into insignificance and the greatest of difficulties were of the minor consequence”<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

In short, looking at the various events of her life, once realizes her greatness. The food she served in the Battle of Uhud became the occasion of one of the miracles of the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam. She had the distinction and pride of being a member at the signing of the Peace treaty of Hudaybiyah. She was among the Companions of the Tree at Bayt Ridhwaan. She took part in the Battle of Khaybar. At the battle of Yarmouk she killed nine enemy soldiers with just the pole of her tent. At the Battle of Uhud she was given the good news of eternal life in the Hereafter in Paradise for the tribe Banu ‘Abdul-Ashahal. Among those martyred were her father as well. About these people, the Prophet sallahu alayhe wa salaam had said that the whole family had met together in Paradise and intercession was accepted for all of them. In life of the statement it can be said that she also would go to Paradise.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

She lived to a ripe old age, and died during the khaliphaate of Yaazid bin Mu’awiyaah. She had moved to Damascus in the latter part of her life. It was there that she died. She was buried near the Saghir Gate of Damascus.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

Allaah will be pleased with them, and they with Him.<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>
The Great Women of Islaam: Mahmood Ghadanfaar<o:p></o:p>

Revised by: Shaykh al-Mubaaraakpooree<o:p></o:p>

<o:p></o:p>

<o:p> </o:p>

http://www.muslimaat.info/<o:p></o:p>
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