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 “The Ruling on Raising the Voice with Words of Remembrance of Allaah (Thikr) After the Obligatory Prayers”

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“The Ruling on Raising the Voice with Words of Remembrance of Allaah (Thikr) After the Obligatory Prayers” Empty
InläggRubrik: “The Ruling on Raising the Voice with Words of Remembrance of Allaah (Thikr) After the Obligatory Prayers”   “The Ruling on Raising the Voice with Words of Remembrance of Allaah (Thikr) After the Obligatory Prayers” Emptyfre nov 28, 2008 12:31 pm

Från: Umm-aichaah (Ursprungligt meddelande) Skickat: 2007-04-05 15:06
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“The Ruling on Raising the Voice with Words of Remembrance of Allaah (Thikr) After the Obligatory Prayers”<o:p></o:p>

By Ash-Shaikh 'Abdullah bin 'Abdir-Rahmaan bin Saalih Aal Bassaam<o:p></o:p>

Member of the Committee of Senior Scholars for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,<o:p></o:p>

Member of the Islamic Fiqh Committe for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,<o:p></o:p>

Member of the High Committee for the School, Daarul-Hadeeth in Makkah,<o:p></o:p>

and Lecturer in Al-Masjid ul-Haraam in Makkah, Saudi Arabia<o:p></o:p>

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Source: Tayseer ul-'Allaam Sharhu 'Umdatil-Ahkaam, Vol.1, pp.284-285, 291.<o:p></o:p>

Translated by Aqeel Walker<o:p></o:p>

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The Shaikh said (may Allaah preserve him):<o:p></o:p>

Du'aa (supplication) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness) after the prayer has tremendous wisdoms and magnificent benefits. Among them is the matter of showing deficiency and lack of ability to perform it (the prayer) with total perfection, and making up for the mistakes that occur in it. Also, the end of the prayer is among those times in which Du'aa (supplication) is accepted.<o:p></o:p>

Likewise it (supplicating and seeking forgiveness after prayer) is a proof of one's desire to obey Allaah and his lack of boredom (or disinterest in worship). This is because the person who is devout in worship is like the seeker constantly moving about between the acts of worship. This is along with what Du'aa (supplication) contains of an increase in blessings, an expiation of evil deeds and an elevation in one's levels (i.e. degrees of status with Allaah).<o:p></o:p>

Hadeeth:<o:p></o:p>

Ibn 'Abbaas (radhiyallaahu 'anhumaa) related that raising the voice with the remembrance (of Allaah; i.e. Thikr) when the people complete the obligatory prayer was practiced in the time of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam).<o:p></o:p>

Ibn 'Abbaas said, "I used to know when they had completed the prayer by that (raising the voices with Thikr) when I would hear it."<o:p></o:p>

In another wording of it he said, "We wouldn't know the prayer of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) was finished except by (hearing) the Takbeer (the saying of "Allaahu Akbar")." (Agreed upon in Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)<o:p></o:p>

The General Meaning:<o:p></o:p>

'Abdullah bin 'Abbaas (radhiyallaahu 'anhumaa) mentions that the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) and his companions used to raise their voices with the saying of the Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar) and the remembrance (Thikr) of Allaah, the Most High after their completion of the five obligatory prayers. For this reason, indeed he used to know that their prayer was finished by their raising their voices with it (Thikr).<o:p></o:p>

What is Derived from the Hadeeth:<o:p></o:p>

1. It is recommended (Mustahabb) to make Thikr after the prayer due to what it contains of magnificent virtues and following of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam).<o:p></o:p>

2. That the person who is making Thikr should raise his voice with the Thikr, due to that being the practice of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) and the practice of his companions along with him.<o:p></o:p>

3. The meaning could be that Ibn 'Abbaas was a child who did not attend the congregational prayer, so he would hear their voices making the Tahleel (saying "Laa ilaaha illallaah") while he was outside of the masjid. It also could mean that he would attend the congregational prayer, but the rows would extend very far and there was not anyone who would repeat the words of the Imaam aloud (i.e. a Muballigh). Thus, he would not know the completion of the prayer of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) except by hearing the Tahleel (people saying "Laa ilaaha illallaah") from the first rows.<o:p></o:p>

The following are some paragraphs from the discussion of Shaikh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. He (may Allaah have mercy upon him) said:<o:p></o:p>

"It is recorded in the Saheeh (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree) that the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) used to seek refuge with Allaah three times before he would leave his place after prayer. [Translator's note: I think this should be yastaghfir, which means to seek Allaah's forgiveness, and not yasta'eeth, which means to seek refuge with Allaah.] Then he would say, "Oh Allaah, You are the Peace and from you comes the Peace, blessed are You, Oh Possessor of might and honor." It is recorded in the two Saheehs (Al-Bukhaare and Muslim) that he would say, "There is none deserving of worship except Allaah alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty, to Him all praise is due, and He has power over all things. Oh Allaah, there is none who can withhold what You give, and none can give what You withhold, and the fortune of a fortunate person cannot benefit him against You. There is no power or strength except with Allaah, and we do not worship any other besides Him. We are sincere in making our religious acts solely for Him, even though the disbelievers may hate that." And he would teach them to glorify Allaah (saying "Subhaanallaah") thirty-three times, and praise Him (saying "Al-hamdulillaah") thirty-three times, and magnify him (saying "Allaahu Akbar") thirty-three times. And this is a total of ninety-nine. And to complete a count of one hundred he would say, "There is none worthy of worship except Allaah alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty, to Him all praise is due, and He has power over all things." And there is no doubt that the words of remembering Allaah and the supplications are of the best types of worship. And the Prophetic words of remembrance and supplications are the best that a person who is seeking to remember and supplicate to Allaah can use. And words of remembrance other than them could be disliked (Makrooh), could be forbidden (Haraam), and they could contain polytheism (Shirk) that most of the people are not aware of.<o:p></o:p>

And Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) is one of the best forms of worship. For this reason 'Aishah said, "Words of remembrance after completing the prayer is like wiping a mirror after it has been polished." For verily the prayer polishes the heart. And making Thikr after the prayer is not obligatory. Thus, whoever wants to stand and leave before doing it, then he should not be rebuked for that. However, the person who is lead in the prayer should not stand (get up) until the Imaam turns away from the direction of the Qiblah. Also, the Imaam should not sit after the Salaam facing the Qiblah except for the amount of time that it takes to seek Allaah's forgiveness three times and say, "Oh Allaah, You are the Peace and from You comes peace. Blessed are You, Oh Possessor of majesty and honor." And counting the words of glorification with the fingers is a Sunnah. For indeed the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said to the women, "Glorify Allaah and count (the Thikr) with the fingers, for verily they (the fingers) will be questioned (i.e. on the Day of Judgement) and made to speak."<o:p></o:p>

Source: Tayseer ul-'Allaam Sharhu 'Umdatil-Ahkaam, Vol.1, pp.284-285, 291.<o:p></o:p>

Translated by Aqeel Walker<o:p></o:p>

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